In space, what would be ‘up’ or ‘down’? What would be meant by ‘horizontal’ or ‘vertical’? Would the answers depend upon where the observer is placed? Since Earth is spinning on its axis, could the axis normally be horizontal? Why not?
However, since the sun rises in the East on Earth, because of its relationship to the sun, Earth obviously spins vertically. The top of the axis of rotation we name the North Pole; the other end is the South Pole. They move in tandem (like one’s bottom follows one’s head).
We know that Earth wobbles (like a spinning top) as it spins. We also know that the axis of rotation is slightly inclined from the vertical in its spin. How then could one say that the North Pole has moved from the Arctic Circle, to Hudson Bay, to Greenland, to India (if this is true), and back, when it would be obvious that these places (the lands) would have moved to the North Pole.
How could that be so? Plate techtonics cannot provide an explanation; the movement of the continents is far too slow. How about a severe jolt from a large asteroid impacting Earth, or even passing very close by (such as the assumed Phaeton, the fragment of Supernova Vela)? This could cause Earth to tilt. No one seems to like that idea. Could this have happened?
What then? Continental drift? Apparently not persuasive. Earth-crust displacement (however improbable this may be) seems to be credible. Since Earth’s crust is apparently one integrated piece, yet allowing continents (or parts thereof) to creep, the whole crust would have to move (like the skin of an orange).
Seems improbable, unless the trigger is some sort of a jolt. A probable jolt could apparently come from the ice cap on Antarctica, currently vastly increasing in size and weight.
Graham Hancock (author of ‘Fingerprints of the gods’) quotes Hugh Auchinloss Brown thus: ‘The growing South Pole ice-cap … has become a stealthy, and relentless force of nature – a result of the energy created by its eccentric rotation. The ice-cap is a creeping peril, the deadly menace and executioner of our civilisation.’