In Greek antiquity, the Greek scientists and philosophers believed that nature only counted four elements; earth, water, fire and air.
The atoms were believed to be the building blocks of these four elements of the universe. Aristotle added the fifth element ether and postulated that planets and stars were made of this ether. Greek philosopher Plato, 350 years B.C., described these five elements and added that matter is created from the five Platonic solids that he described in his book Timaeus.
He equated the tetrahedron with the element fire, the cube with the earth, the icosahedron with water, the octahedron with air and the dodecahedron with the ether, the stuff of the planets and stars.
We now know of course that there are far more elements in nature than the ones known in Greek antiquity. However, it is a well-known fact that the Platonic solids play a role in chemistry as the internal organization structures of molecules in many materials. For instance the Platonic solids show up in the organization of molecules of natural crystals.
Here we will present a new theory about matter that agrees with Plato that the atoms are constructed from the Platonic solids.
Some scientists now believe that the ether is a subtle energy that flows through all material things like some liquid, creating the material world from it. The Platonic solids are believed to be the geometrical internal structures of the atom. That’s the reason why sacred geometry is so important in this new ether theory.
In the 19th century the luminiferous ether was well accepted by science! It was the medium through which the electromagnetic wave was supposed to propagate. In those days physicists believed that matter and the ether were two separate things.
The ether served as the carrier medium for radiant energies such as light and was believed to transmit force fields between material objects in the universe such as gravity.
James Clerk Maxwell, the founder of electrodynamics and his contemporaries didn’t have any doubt that the ether existed.